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Construction activity bulk ascendancy throughout the absolute action of activity architecture appearance of that activity decisions , activity architecture phase, the activity accomplishing appearance and activity achievement and accepting phase. At altered stages of the activity , absorption on bulk ascendancy efforts and after-effects are absolutely different. The accomplished action of activity investment decisions are about disconnected into several stages , design, architecture ( including behest ) , achievement of final accounts and so on. Investment ascendancy throughout the absolute action of activity architecture management. According to statistics, accounting for architecture projects in the technology architecture aeon 1 /4 afore the affair ( ie the basic architecture date , the investment allurement date ) , the achievability of affecting the activity investment is 75 % to 95% ; abstruse architecture appearance , the appulse of the achievability of activity investment is 35% to 75% ; architecture appearance of 5% to 35% ; achievement adjustment date 0 to 5%. Obviously, the focus of the activity bulk ascendancy should be in the architecture date of the investment authoritative and accomplishing of the activity afore , but afterwards authoritative investment decisions in the activity , ascendancy of key investment projects lies in the architecture appearance of the activity bulk ascendancy .
 
建设项目工程造价的控制贯穿于项目建设的全过程即项目决策阶段、项目设计阶段、项目实施阶段和项目竣工验收阶段。在工程不同的阶段,造价控制工作的重点和效果是完全不同的。整个工程项目的过程一般分为投资决策、设计、施工(包括招投标)、竣工决算等几个阶段。投资控制贯穿于项目设计管理的全过程。
 
First, the architecture appearance is the key bulk control
 
一、设计阶段是造价控制的关键
 
Currently, the UK architecture affairs is basically disconnected into four stages: the investment accommodation stage, the activity architecture appearance , accomplishing phase, the final accepting stage. Investment decisions should be able in date investment estimates. First, address activity proposals should be able in an antecedent investment estimates , the address should be able to do a achievability abstraction to appraisal the investment , but at this date of the activity archetypal yet, difficult to accurately appraisal , so the absurdity is beyond ; secondly , the owners tend to activity will be launched , sir stronger faculty baby investment estimates ; again secondly, the best of investment estimates abstracts admonition is sometimes difficult to absolutely reflect the absolute situation. This appearance focused on the architecture activity bulk ascendancy should be accustomed to advance abundant to action , to abstain delays in the activity due to banking affidavit or dismount.
 
目前,英国的建设程序基本上分为四个阶段:投资决策阶段、工程设计阶段、工程实施阶段、竣工验收阶段。在投资决策阶段应编制投资估算。首先,写项目建议书时应编制初步投资估算,做可行性研究报告时应编制投资估算,但由于在这一阶段项目模型还没有,估算难以准确,所以误差也较大;其次,业主往往为项目能上马,长官意识比较强,投资估算偏小;再其次,投资估算所选用的数据资料信息有时也难以真实的反映实际情况。
 
After the activity investment decisions , the key lies in investment ascendancy design, the architecture should be based on the accoutrement of the assemblage owners of units of the architecture assignment requirements and architecture arrangement advocate in an accomplishment to ascendancy the annual for commissioned to architecture investment. As the architecture activity bulk ascendancy , in the architecture date is disconnected into several baby stages: ① appearance of the affairs , the affairs should be based on assets and blueprint , to accomplish a abundant a

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