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The United States is a well-deserved economic and human resources competitive power.So how did the United States do that?The following is the interpretation of human resources policy,education policy,employment policy and other aspects for reference.
In contemporary American society,American human resource policy is becoming more and more important,especially in the area of higher education.From former President Clinton to current President Obama,they have been advocating that human resources are the driving force and source of national development,constantly guide policies and promulgate a series of policies and regulations.
The United States has become the first-class power economic strength and scientific technology,is one of the important reasons for the introduction of the rest of the world in the form of globalization of excellent human resources,especially higher education,but also in a variety of favorable conditions,to attract and the introduction of talent,“one of the biggest characteristic of American higher education is found to”.Immigrants,especially skilled immigrants,play an important role in ensuring the moderate growth of the American labor force,especially the accumulation of excellent talents.
Since 2007,the bush administration has introduced several major reform measures.In addition to continuing the NCLB act,the national security language program and the enhanced American competitiveness program were established.For the first time in American history,the future higher education committee has proposed a national higher education reform policy.Brief introduction:
Fiscal year 2007 is the sixth year of implementation of NCLB,and the department of education has budgeted$24.4 billion to implement the bill.The U.S.department of education estimates the effects of implementing the bill“are working,”with reading and math tests in elementary and middle school students showing significant improvement.
The U.S.state department and the department of education jointly hold the first national summit of university presidents to strengthen the international education on Jan.5,solstice6.President bush spoke at the event,announcing the national security language program and calling for faster training of foreign language talent in the United States.“Key languages”believed to affect U.S.national security include Arabic,Chinese,Russian,Hindi and farsi.The plan calls for strengthening the us language from kindergarten to university level education.The project had a budget of$35 million for 2007.
In his annual state of the union address on January 31,President bush proposed the“enhanced American competitiveness plan,”which would require schoolchildren to learn more and more difficult math and science courses.The department of education budgeted$380 million for this program in fiscal 2007.
In the United States,the government does not directly intervene and restrict the self-employment of graduates.Instead,the labor department,schools,intermediaries and employers cooperate.Most college students have a clear understanding of their abilities and interests before graduation,and they will have a comprehensive understanding of the employment market and the information of employers from various channels to improve the“hit rate”.
The ministry of labor is mainly responsible for the formulation of macro policies and do a good job in employment surveys and other basic work,is the graduates of employment“director.”The department of labor has the bureau of labor statistics,whose main function is to collect data on the occupational demand status of the U.S.job market at different times and the requirements of different occupations on knowledge and skills,with a focus on predicting the impact of economic development on future employment demand.The statistical results are published to the whole society through Internet and publication,which serves as a reference for government decision-making and individual career choice.The job requirements manual,compiled by the bureau of labor statistics based on these data,is popular with American college students,almost all of them.
Career guidance focuses on the implementation of the four-year career planning program:in the first year of student enrollment,the center began to conduct career education to help students contact and understand the employment situation;
The second year should help students discover and understand their own personality,interests and expertise,and then help students choose majors.In the third year,I helped students to understand employer information and market demand,participated in social practice and some job fairs,and let students directly feel the job market.In the fourth year,I assisted students in writing application letters and taught them specialized skills such as application essentials and interview skills.This kind of employment guidance runs through the whole college life of students,and is very helpful to the formation of students’employment outlook,enhance their ability to choose jobs and job-hunting skills.
In conclusion,the successful implementation of the above policies has laid a solid foundation for the improvement of human resource competitiveness and the maintenance of it at the world-class level.