Due to the origin of the American university is developed by the private universities, therefore, to raise its always is one of the main work of the university, especially in recent years, as the state to university funding is limited, with increasingly fierce competition of global science and technology, this makes the rector of the university in the United States more need to transfer work center of gravity to give priority to with foreign exchange funds for work.
On the whole, American university management system, on the one hand, attaches equal importance to academic power and administrative power; on the other hand, academic power and administrative power are separated from each other. The division of administrative management in American universities is relatively clear, and its mode of administrative management is dominated by the vertical administrative teams of each vice President. Each vertical administrative team handles its own business within the scope of its mandate. Each vice principal's vertical management team can directly communicate with other vertical management teams and carry out work. This vertical management team, which is directly led by each vice principal, has clear responsibilities and high work efficiency. The basis of the administrative management of a university is the work plan and school calendar of each department in advance. Any work that is not in the scope of the plan is difficult to carry out.
According to the education act of the state government of the United States, the President of a university is the highest executive officer of the university and has the power to manage and make decisions on university affairs. The President of a university is the executor of the development strategy, major affairs, teaching management, discipline construction and scientific research.
University presidents in the United States are usually appointed by university boards. Most of the members of the board of directors of public universities in the United States are appointed by the government. Although the majority of the members of the university board are appointed by the government, the university board has an important responsibility to ensure the independent operation of the university without government intervention. At the same time, the President of the university shall serve as the chairman of the university council and comprehensively lead the work of the council. Many of the university's administrative work may be discussed and decisions made in the council, and some decisions need to be reported to the university board of directors for approval. Therefore, the university President should be able to maintain good communication with the members of the university board of directors so that they can fully support the university's work. The university board of directors controls the development of the university from a macro perspective, while the university council studies and decides the administrative affairs of the university in a more specific way. The council of the university comprises a number of professional affairs committees which carry out the decisions of the council. At the same time, it also collects and collates relevant project data for the school council's research and use.
In the United States, the President of a university is the symbol of a school. There are many decisions that do not need to be decided by the President. The executive departments or colleges do not need to seek the President's approval or approval for matters within their functions and powers, but can make decisions and implement them by themselves. In American universities, the most powerful person is the dean of the college. Because the college of American universities is relatively independent, many affairs of the college, including project management, allocation and use of funds, recruitment of professors and managers, are decided by the dean. The dean is the executive director of the college, but the specific affairs of the college are mainly carried out by the deputy dean in charge. The power of American universities is devolved to the colleges, which make decisions and carry out their own actions without reporting to the President of the university. American universities have a set of very detailed and standardized management system, through which the President of a university can handle his own affairs with confidence. If a dean fails to do his or her job or fails to manage the college well, there is a risk that he or she will be dismissed.
The President of a university in the United States is mainly responsible for implementing the strategic decisions and development plans of the university board of directors, and may submit to the board of directors major issues that he thinks should be studied and decided by the university board of directors. The university President is responsible for leading and presiding over the work of the university council. The President of the university is the chief executive of the university and is responsible for all the affairs of the university. The vice-chancellor of the university has the powers, duties and duties conferred by the university board upon the proposal of the President.